The Constitution of Bangladesh guarantees equal rights for men and women. It prohibits discrimination on the grounds of sex and requires the state to take steps to eliminate discrimination against women. In addition, Bangladesh has enacted several laws to protect the rights of women and promote gender equality.
- The Women and Children Repression Prevention Act: This act criminalizes various forms of violence against women and children, including rape, dowry-related violence, and trafficking. It also provides for the protection and rehabilitation of victims.
- The Dowry Prohibition Act: This act prohibits the giving or taking of dowry in connection with a marriage. It also provides for the confiscation of any dowry given or taken in violation of the act.
- The Marriage Registration Act: This act requires the registration of all marriages and provides for the issuance of a marriage certificate. It also sets the minimum age for marriage at 18 for women and 21 for men.
- The Women Development Policy: This policy, adopted in 2011, outlines the government’s commitment to promoting the rights and empowerment of women. It includes provisions for improving access to education, health care, and employment opportunities for women.
- The Bangladesh Labour Act: This act provides for equal pay for equal work and prohibits discrimination in the workplace on the grounds of sex. It also provides for paid maternity leave and the establishment of childcare facilities in the workplace.
Despite these legal protections, women in Bangladesh continue to face significant challenges, including discrimination, violence, and limited access to education and employment opportunities. The government and civil society organizations are working to address these issues and promote gender equality in the country.